EUROFARM is a five-year project directed by Dr. Marc Vander Linden, launched in October 2012. Eurofarm is funded by the European Research Council, and hosted by the Institute of Archaeology, University College London.
This project will investigate the transmission of farming practices and associated technological innovations (landscape use, pottery, lithics) in the western Balkans during the 6th and the 5th millennium cal. BC through a combination of new data collection (excavations in Bosnia&Herzegovina and Montenegro, surveys in Croatia and Bosnia&Herzegovina, access to museum collections), analysis and agent-based modelling. The chosen research area provides a unique opportunity to observe the creation and early dispersal of the two cultural streams – inland and maritime – responsible for the introduction of farming across much of Europe.
Whilst earlier work has focused upon the identification of the human agents linked to this process (i.e. incoming farmers vs. local late foragers), EUROFARM will rather consider the spread of farming from the point of view of the transmission of innovations, that is how one becomes a farmer. The analytical work will characterise the competences and knowledge required for the transmission of each selected innovation, in each region. The agent-based modelling will aim at comparing these technologies together and weighing their respective impact in shaping the variability between the inland and maritime streams of neolithisation.